Car batteries are essential components in cars because they are used to support various functionalities of the vehicle such as ignition and lighting among other applications. However, there come times when the batteries have to be stored for long periods when one goes for a vacation, when one is using a different means of transport for an extended period, or when one is locking up a sports car during the winter season. Therefore, it is very vital that one understands how to store batteries effectively so that they do not get damaged during the storage period. Proper storage also ensures that the lifespan of the cells does not depreciate significantly during storage. The tips below explain the steps that one should follow when storing batteries.
1. Separating the Battery From the Engine
One should disconnect the battery from the engine by unplugging the battery cables from the battery terminals. The negative terminal should be disconnected first then the positive one to minimize sparking at the contacts. Disconnecting the battery from the car also guarantees the safety of the battery.
2. Checking for Leakages
The second step is to inspect the battery for any breakages or leakages. Safety gloves and eye protection goggles should be used here to prevent one from sparks that result in injuries. The safety goggles are used for protection against flying particles such as sparks from the battery terminals.
3. Cleaning the Battery Terminals
The third step is to clean the battery by removing the sulphuric acid particles that accumulate at the terminals. A base compound such as sodium carbonate should be used here to neutralize the acid at the terminals to enhance the cleaning process,
4. Refilling the Electrolyte
At this point, one should check the level of the electrolyte in the battery compartments. Checking is important because it helps one to decide whether the electrolyte should be refilled or not.
5. Refilling the Battery with Mineral Water
After checking the cells of the battery, one should refill the cells that are low on distilled water. The distilled water should be filled to the recommended level without overfilling. Overfilling would harm the lead cells during recharging.
6. Charging the Battery
According to research, a battery that stays for long without charge has a shorter lifespan compared to a battery that is charged and continuously used. Idle batteries usually leak because of the chemical reactions that happen in their cells when they are left dormant. During the charging process, one should monitor the battery so that it does not overcharge as this would damage the cells.
7. Storing the Battery
Once the battery has charged sufficiently, it should be stored in a cool and dry place. The place should not freeze the battery as this would damage the cells by corroding them. On the other hand, a hot environment is not advisable as this would cause the battery to swelter.
8. Connecting the Battery to a Trickle Charger
The last step is to connect the battery to a trickle charger or a smart charger to maintain its energy during the storage period. The trickle charger ensures that the battery does not lose its charge because this would damage the battery cells.
In conclusion, understanding how to store batteries is crucial in ensuring that the lives of the cells are lengthened significantly. In addition to that, useful storage provides that the efficiency of the batteries is maintained high even during the storage period.