Vehicle engines usually charge car batteries. Most car batteries are long-lasting and can work for long without deteriorating in quality. However, a car battery runs out of charge when the car headlights are accidentally left on or when the chemical composition of the battery drops with time as the battery ages. Nevertheless, when the battery runs out of charge, and there are no other means to jumpstart the car, one should understand that the battery can be charged at home and the process is easy and does not require any specialized knowledge.
The steps outlined below explain how to charge a car battery at home-
1. Putting on Safety Gadgets
The first thing to do is to ensure that safety is well considered before the battery charging process begins. The safety devices that should be used are protective glasses which protect someone from falling objects under the hood of the vehicle and safety gloves which are used for protection against scratches and sparks that could occur at the terminals of the battery. In addition to that, the area should be well illuminated so that one gets a clear view of what is happening under the hood.
2. Identifying the Type of Battery
The second step which is equally vital in determining the type of battery to be charged. Identification can be made by checking the battery label or by visiting the official website of the battery manufacturers. Identifying the type of battery is important because it helps one understand the charging conditions and specifications of the battery.
3. Removing the Battery from the Vehicle
The battery can be charged while inside or outside the vehicle. Under circumstances where the charging cables are short, the battery should be removed from the car to make the charging process much easier. As a safety procedure, the negative terminal of the battery should always be disconnected first followed by the positive terminal. Disconnecting the terminals in this manner ensures that the chances of sparking are minimized at the contacts as much as possible.
4. Getting the Charger for the Battery
After the battery has been removed from the vehicle if necessary, the next step is to get the correct charger for the battery. Getting the correct charger is very vital because it helps to ensure that the battery is not subjected to excess electrical stress which could damage its cells to compromising their performance. Damaged cells have a lower voltage-carrying capacity.
At this point, it is essential also to understand that there are fast chargers and trickle chargers. The fast chargers will charge the battery faster, but the trickle chargers will charge the batteries slowly but the charge stored will be long-lasting.
5. Connecting the Battery to the Charger
The next step is to clean the battery terminals then comparing them to the charger. The battery charger is then connected to a 240V voltage source. The positive and negative terminals of the charger should be connected to the positive and negative terminals of the battery respectively. If the reverse is done, the cells of the battery could be damaged by the charging voltage.
6. Returning the Battery in the Vehicle
The charger should also be disconnected from the battery once the battery is fully charged to prevent it from overcharging. Overcharging the battery could damage its cells. Once the battery is sufficiently charged, it should be disconnected from the charger then returned in the car.
The above procedures on how to charge a car battery at home are essential because they can save someone the hustle of taking a battery to a charging system which could be many miles away. In addition to that, the procedures are simple to understand, easy to follow, and straightforward.